Why and when to Learn to ride a Horse ?

When do we start riding?

Riding is a pleasant pastime for everyone, but it requires not only physical but also mental effort. We must remember that part of the work is performed by an animal, a living being and this will not always want to follow our orders, we must take into account the element of uncertainty that can mean riding.

Some parents buy a pony and teach their children how to ride since they were very young. In England it is very common to see children in competitions from the age of three on the tracks.
These learn very fast playing, and of course, this is the best way to learn as long as they are guarded and carry the casquet, which is absolutely essential.

In the same way, you can start riding at any age. Horse riding does not respond to ages, just jump on a horse and start.

Where do we start riding?

Even if you have your own horse, it is advisable to start riding in a riding school, where there are suitable horses and ponies and qualified teachers to teach us properly and without any vices.

Some people find it easy to ride while for others learning is difficult. Balance and coordination are vital qualities. With a good teacher, it does not take long to master the principles of riding.

If we do not have a good school nearby, we can always start with a friend’s horse, but always teach us knowing what he does, helping us to climb, holding the horse and of course, if it is the first time we ride, the animal must Be quiet and sensible and not be afraid of strangers.

Scientists Recognize Existence of Consciousness in Animals

All mammals, birds and even octopus are included in a document signed by scientists like Stephen Hawking.

A group of scientists including neurophysiologists, neuroanatomists and computer neuroscientists, including renowned Stephen Hawking and Christof Koch, have signed a statement confirming the existence of animal awareness to the same extent as it exists in Humans.

The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness is the first official confession on this subject in the world of science and includes a list of “intelligent” animals that sum to all mammals, birds and octopi based on scientific evidence.

This document is not only related to respect for animals but also confirms the existence of animals in an evolutionary scale very different from ours as birds.

In a statement, the scientists noted that “the absence of a neocortex does not seem to exclude an organism from experiencing affective states. Convergent evidence indicates that non-human animals have the neuroanatomic, neurochemical, and neurophysiological elements of substrates in conscious states along with the ability to exhibit intentional behaviors. ”

The statements make clear that the human race would no longer be the only one with the ability to create intelligent thoughts and raise a new edge about the treatment that is given to these living beings.

Tips for right Livestock Breeding

One of the most important aspects of cattle breeding that a producer must take into account is livestock rearing. Cattle breeding not only means more animals at the time of sales, but also provides more cows for use in future breeding. What you have to understand when it comes to raising livestock, is that the activity requires a balance between genetics and the management of real herds. Without this, not only will abnormalities be generated, but also cows will require more time and money in food and extra work to get the standards met. If you are a cattleman and are trying to learn how to raise cattle correctly, here are some tips to keep in mind:

1. Always be selective in your own flock. You should be able to distinguish well from animals with health problems and body structure, leaving only the best, not only produce the best cows, but also save time and energy during the breeding season.

2. Remember to make a thorough examination of the body of your bulls before using them for breeding. You may need to check for STDs, sperm counts, physical development, health checks, etc.

3. When choosing bulls for breeding, select those that have been recognized for producing high quality calves. Once you have found that bull, you can keep it in your artificial herd and inseminate your cows with a wide range of bulls. Although this gives you more options to choose from, artificial insemination requires more work and commitment on your part.

4. During livestock rearing, always keep your cattle in a healthy environment and in good condition. Many errors before playback can cause significant problems throughout the process. For example, if you do overfeeding or underfeeding your cows, which not only reduces your chances of conceiving, but also increases the health risks of the calf at birth.

5. For future breeding activities, it would be good to record breeding dates. Do it accurately as this will help prepare you for future signs of pregnancy in the cows and determine when the cows will conceive.

Follow the best of these tips when breeding cattle and you will be sure to produce award-winning calves. Although it can be a little more stressful, the success you get from the offspring is complete and makes you develop your skills even more.
Cattle breeding can improve the quality of life and provide great satisfaction and responsibility to families. Explore your options before you decide.

How to Pet a cat ?

The sense of touch is highly developed in cats and being caressed makes them feel calm and helps them release stress, plus it is proven that petting a cat calm anxiety and lowers pressure on humans.
How to pet your cat?

It is not complicated, but it is advisable to follow simple rules so as not to disturb them and make it a good experience.

Let me smell your hand Start caressing the head If you do not try to leave or show signs of aggression we can continue caressing the spine up to the tail and start again

When they ask for pampering?
When purring is a good time to start a pampering session If you approach and rub against us When you tap your head it means you want to be ignored

There are some moments when it is not appropriate to disturb the cat or areas that do not like them very much, you have to be careful with this if we do not want to take a snort.

Do not interrupt the cat when eating or grooming. If you show any signs of tension or aggressiveness (bristling hair, rapid tail movements, grunting) it is best to leave them not to caress them against the grain, it gives them repellence.
In addition, it is necessary to know that there are places that do not like anything that touches them. Give some clues …

How to identify and buy the right “The Pure Arabian Horse” – Here are its traits listed

this is one of the oldest breeds that exist. Its origin is in the cross between the horse of the South of Middle East with the horses of the north of Mongolia.
Most common breeding zone:
center of the Arabian peninsula.

The most appreciated today is the Kehilan, characterized by its average height.
The Hamdini is also highly valued, with larger specimens.
The Manegui type is the tallest and also the most slender.
Most remarkable ability:
Its enormous resistance attached to its great speed.
Ethnic characteristics:
Harmonious and agile comfort.
Strong and robust constitution.
Very long time.
Great fecundity.

Physical characteristics:

Height: between 1.45 and 1.55 meters,
Weight: between 380 and 430 kgrs.
Small head.
Wide jaws.
Ears short and separated.
Croup: wide and rounded.
Thorax: broad, with well-arched sides.
Muscular legs.
Color: although they can easily be found with pure black Arabian blood, the typical coat is gray, with the limbs in light gray color.

The only race that surpasses in speed to the pure Arab blood is the pure English blood.
The great resistance of this race is due to the fact that its selection was not made with regard to the races, but to withstand the harsh conditions of the desert.

Some mares have run between 250 and 300 km in two days.
They say that a Russian officer traveled with a 644-km Arab thoroughbred in just 5 days.

Maintaining the HORSE HYGIENE

The cleanliness of the horse is fundamental, not only for its appearance but because it is something that directly influences its own health.
Each animal must have its cleaning equipment, since the use of the same utensils for several, can cause the spread and contagion of any disease that has one of them. These utensils should also be washed often.

We must clean the horse with some frequency. First we will rub with the scraper and then we will brush it, it is worth remembering that in doing this, apart from cleaning it we will perform a massage that stimulates the blood circulation and tones its muscles.


The manes and tail should be unraveled with a comb and if the manes are very abundant, they will be discharged between taking them out (never need to have scissors).

Helmets require very special care since it is a very prone to infections. With the aid of a helmet, we will clean all the accumulation of sawdust or mud they may have and we will apply, with the aid of a brush, special grease for them, preventing them from drying out and cracking.

It is not appropriate to abuse the showers, since the horse’s hair has its own natural oils, which are removed with excess water. So washing them too much can be harmful. Neither should we shower when it is too cold.

In winter we can wash the dirtiest areas such as mane and tail with shampoo, water and rinse them trying not to wet the rest of the horse.


So that it does not accumulate too much dirt and excess sweat when working, it is advisable to shear the horse. But we must take into account that when taking his natural coat, we must not forget to put a blanket.

All this hygiene is complemented by that of the horse’s own stable. It is of no use to keep the animal clean if its life runs the rest of the day, without essential hygienic conditions.

Do Animals notice the weather?

All animals can adapt their behavior based on past experiences, and are sensitive to the time of day and season.
But that does not mean they have the ability to sort the events of the past into an “inner calendar,” meaning they have no episodic sense of time.

Various investigations with rats, pigeons and monkeys point out that animals can remember how long an event occurred, but not when.

It is as if they are simply keeping a record of a fading memory, rather than putting them on an internal calendar.

The reason for this may be that having an autobiographical sense of the past depends on linguistic and numerical skills that allow you to create a calendar form.

According to other research, even humans do not have much episodic memory before they turn four.

Tips to protect your pet from fireworks

1. Please make sure your dog wears a collar with a securely attached ID tag and has your current data on it, look at the plaque now, can you really read what it says?

If your dog has no ID please take 5 minutes and buy one, it is relatively cheap and will help you in case you lose your dog.

Write on your necklace with an indelible pen or marker the cell phone number and its name.

2. Keep your dog in the house with you during the worst times, check your garden and keep the bars tightly closed. A dog under stress could try to escape the nervousness and panic in which it is.

3. Do not leave your dog in the garden unsupervised.

Dogs sensitive to fireworks should not be left out of the house.

Do not leave your dog tied outside your home as many young people come up with childish and cruel mischief with animals.

4. Never carry your dog or any animal where there are fireworks, it can be fun for you but for your dog it is stressful, so keep it away and safe.

5. Exercise with your dog, a long walk to get tired at night.

6.Close curtains or blinds to keep out visual reminders lights, etc.

7. Have some relaxing or family music instead of the TV (not too loud) to help block some of the noise.

8. Make sure your dog has access to an area where he feels safe – a lair that is away from the windows with his bedding, toys and a comforting familiar scent. Do not move your bed suddenly, if you are going to create a safe area in a specific part of the house, do these days in advance to give you time to adapt and become familiar.

9. Let your dog do his / her needs in the garden, under his supervision instead of taking him / her to walk during the hours of high pyrotechnic activity. It will be more comfortable and will not despair to pee when the noise intensifies during the nights. Offer a teddy or favorite toys or chew toys to distract; Give her something to do to relieve stress.

10. Make sure you have fresh water available for drinking and feed your pet a couple of hours before the fireworks to help you relax.

11.If your dog is affected by noise – DO NOT PUNISH.

If you go out and find that your dog has caused damage keep calm, DO NOT PUNISH him and put in order any damage that your pet has done. Have a cup of tea. It is completely useless to punish him, if you punish him at that time the bond between you and him will be affected and is likely to remain even more stressed.

Our first reaction to a nervous and anxious dog is to try to calm and caress him, which will lower his stress level because there is already a helping hand next to him.

12.Try to stay relaxed and optimistic – convey the message that there is nothing to worry about.

Information to start a small cattle ranch

Cattle ranches raise cows to produce meat. Some ranches raise cows and calves. Cows give birth every year. Calves are sold at the time of weaning, when they are about 6 months old and 500 pounds (230 kg) in weight. The calves then feed and fatten themselves to 700-900 pounds (320-400 kg). The beef market feeds fattened calves to provide the meat market with an animal of 1100-1200 pounds (500-550 kg).
Type of establishment
Determining the type of cattle you raise will be the first step in establishing your ranch. Look carefully at the livestock market. Some producers raise pure-bred cattle. These animals are registered in an association of bovine races, and their calves are often sold as stallions. Commercial cattle are not registered and may be mestizo. These are raised primarily to obtain their meat. Some ranches specialize in organic cattle fed pastures.

Finding a ranch-friendly location is a critical issue. Verify zoning and land use regulations to determine if cattle rearing is permitted in that area. A cattle ranch requires space to house the animals. It can also include pastures with irrigation systems, grasslands and dry pens. A yard is necessary to handle the cows.

You need a proper fence on a cattle ranch. Outdoor fences are often made of woven wire 4.5 feet (1.35 m) (six lines or barbed wire, or a combination of both.) Wood or metal fences must have at least 5 Feet (1.5 m) in height for use in corrals A sliding panel is also required to be able to vaccinate or check the animals Livestock may not require a barn However, a windbreak and a place Dry to sleep yes they are necessary.

About 70% of the cost of raising livestock is for food. Cows are ruminants and their diet consists primarily of fodder, such as hay and pasture. Concentrated foods like corn, wheat and other grains add energy to the diet, especially for the livestock market. Pastures provide food during the growing season. Hay is needed at other times. A cow consumes approximately 2.5% of its body weight in dry food daily. A constant supply of clean, fresh water is also required.

Normally, one bull is bought for every 20 to 30 cows. Artificial insemination allows a breeder to buy bull semen of good quality. However, artificial insemination requires additional work. To produce a uniform litter, procedures are used to synchronize the heat, which allows all cows to reach this state by the same date.

The cattle ranch requires work to feed the animals, administer the procedures and provide veterinary care. Care is required when the cows take care of their calves. Some common procedures are the removal of horns and the castration of calves. Animals are vaccinated regularly. Records should be kept to identify livestock production, health procedures, and determine food consumption.

The Dog’s Ears: Movements, Meanings, and Importance

That the dog can not express itself verbally in the same way that we do, does not mean that it can not communicate with total clarity. We just need to know how to understand him, and for that, we must study his movements. One of the most fundamental, of course, is the tail. But equally revealing is that of the ears. Although not all dogs have the same type of atrial morphology, so the movement and its meaning can not always be easily detected, the language is universal, so we are going to include a list with all the positions And gestures, and what they mean.
Of course, first of all we remember that in Spain the mutilation by aesthetics is prohibited, and that if it were not, we would equally advise against it completely, except for medical reasons; No matter how well cut a cut should not impede movement, there is still a risk that is not worth passing our pet.
Positions, movements and meaning.

Erect and somewhat leaning forward (I)

The dog is paying attention to what happens to him. It is usually accompanied by head tilts, which denote special interest in the matter.

Erect and somewhat leaning forward (II)

It is a sign of dominance if accompanied by a fully raised tail, a pose with the chest out, and the muzzle closed with the head up and also forward.
Tilted ostensibly forward

Our pet is challenging what is in front of us, and is about to attack. It is accompanied by a wrinkled snout and the sample of all his teeth, gaze fixed, and body blocked and a bit ahead.
Back ears

It is the way of saying that he is tense, that he is afraid. If he teaches the teeth, it means that he is also willing to defend himself if the threat comes to fruition. To the ears is associated the tail between the legs, the head down and the eyes half open, avoiding the crossing of looks.

Head-to-back and folded back

With this position, the animal is expressing its peaceful submission. In fact, he is not showing his teeth or wrinkling his snout, and his body is crouched. All the while, keep your eyes down.

Relaxed Ears

If they are accompanied by a raised and moving tail and open and relaxed mouth, and eyes wide open imply a friendly gesture.


If our pet starts by moving the ears forward, then pulling them back and / or lowering them, it is telling us that it is quiet, in an observer mode, it does not seek trouble.

In short, it is obvious that in addition to being a very characteristic element in each dog, the ears constitute a fundamental part for their communication. We repeat, therefore, that unless advised by a veterinarian for health reasons, he should not even consider the possibility of mutilating them for matters that are not relevant.