All mammals, birds and even octopus are included in a document signed by scientists like Stephen Hawking.
A group of scientists including neurophysiologists, neuroanatomists and computer neuroscientists, including renowned Stephen Hawking and Christof Koch, have signed a statement confirming the existence of animal awareness to the same extent as it exists in Humans.
The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness is the first official confession on this subject in the world of science and includes a list of “intelligent” animals that sum to all mammals, birds and octopi based on scientific evidence.
This document is not only related to respect for animals but also confirms the existence of animals in an evolutionary scale very different from ours as birds.
In a statement, the scientists noted that “the absence of a neocortex does not seem to exclude an organism from experiencing affective states. Convergent evidence indicates that non-human animals have the neuroanatomic, neurochemical, and neurophysiological elements of substrates in conscious states along with the ability to exhibit intentional behaviors. ”
The statements make clear that the human race would no longer be the only one with the ability to create intelligent thoughts and raise a new edge about the treatment that is given to these living beings.
PUREBRED ARABIAN HORSE
this is one of the oldest breeds that exist. Its origin is in the cross between the horse of the South of Middle East with the horses of the north of Mongolia.
Most common breeding zone:
center of the Arabian peninsula.
The most appreciated today is the Kehilan, characterized by its average height.
The Hamdini is also highly valued, with larger specimens.
The Manegui type is the tallest and also the most slender.
Most remarkable ability:
Its enormous resistance attached to its great speed.
Harmonious and agile comfort.
Strong and robust constitution.
Very long time.
Height: between 1.45 and 1.55 meters,
Weight: between 380 and 430 kgrs.
Ears short and separated.
Croup: wide and rounded.
Thorax: broad, with well-arched sides.
Color: although they can easily be found with pure black Arabian blood, the typical coat is gray, with the limbs in light gray color.
The only race that surpasses in speed to the pure Arab blood is the pure English blood.
The great resistance of this race is due to the fact that its selection was not made with regard to the races, but to withstand the harsh conditions of the desert.
Some mares have run between 250 and 300 km in two days.
They say that a Russian officer traveled with a 644-km Arab thoroughbred in just 5 days.
All animals can adapt their behavior based on past experiences, and are sensitive to the time of day and season.
But that does not mean they have the ability to sort the events of the past into an “inner calendar,” meaning they have no episodic sense of time.
Various investigations with rats, pigeons and monkeys point out that animals can remember how long an event occurred, but not when.
It is as if they are simply keeping a record of a fading memory, rather than putting them on an internal calendar.
The reason for this may be that having an autobiographical sense of the past depends on linguistic and numerical skills that allow you to create a calendar form.
According to other research, even humans do not have much episodic memory before they turn four.