Cattle ranches raise cows to produce meat. Some ranches raise cows and calves. Cows give birth every year. Calves are sold at the time of weaning, when they are about 6 months old and 500 pounds (230 kg) in weight. The calves then feed and fatten themselves to 700-900 pounds (320-400 kg). The beef market feeds fattened calves to provide the meat market with an animal of 1100-1200 pounds (500-550 kg).
Type of establishment
Determining the type of cattle you raise will be the first step in establishing your ranch. Look carefully at the livestock market. Some producers raise pure-bred cattle. These animals are registered in an association of bovine races, and their calves are often sold as stallions. Commercial cattle are not registered and may be mestizo. These are raised primarily to obtain their meat. Some ranches specialize in organic cattle fed pastures.
Finding a ranch-friendly location is a critical issue. Verify zoning and land use regulations to determine if cattle rearing is permitted in that area. A cattle ranch requires space to house the animals. It can also include pastures with irrigation systems, grasslands and dry pens. A yard is necessary to handle the cows.
You need a proper fence on a cattle ranch. Outdoor fences are often made of woven wire 4.5 feet (1.35 m) (six lines or barbed wire, or a combination of both.) Wood or metal fences must have at least 5 Feet (1.5 m) in height for use in corrals A sliding panel is also required to be able to vaccinate or check the animals Livestock may not require a barn However, a windbreak and a place Dry to sleep yes they are necessary.
About 70% of the cost of raising livestock is for food. Cows are ruminants and their diet consists primarily of fodder, such as hay and pasture. Concentrated foods like corn, wheat and other grains add energy to the diet, especially for the livestock market. Pastures provide food during the growing season. Hay is needed at other times. A cow consumes approximately 2.5% of its body weight in dry food daily. A constant supply of clean, fresh water is also required.
Normally, one bull is bought for every 20 to 30 cows. Artificial insemination allows a breeder to buy bull semen of good quality. However, artificial insemination requires additional work. To produce a uniform litter, procedures are used to synchronize the heat, which allows all cows to reach this state by the same date.
The cattle ranch requires work to feed the animals, administer the procedures and provide veterinary care. Care is required when the cows take care of their calves. Some common procedures are the removal of horns and the castration of calves. Animals are vaccinated regularly. Records should be kept to identify livestock production, health procedures, and determine food consumption.